Archaeological dating of grave headstones

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For archaeological sites and monuments they are divided into categories ranging from Agriculture to Utilities and complement the listing selection guides for buildings.In each guide, a historical introduction is followed by a consideration of protection issues, together with sources of further information.Our approach is set out in our Scheduling Selection Guides.Sometimes, for example in town and city centres, the most practical way to protect sites - from building development and road schemes - is to use the system of local authority control over planning applications.This is for works either above or below ground level.The procedure is known as Scheduled Monument Consent or SMC.You can download our Scheduled Monuments: A Guide for Owners and Occupiers 2013 guide for further information on scheduled monuments.Even nationally important sites are scheduled only if this is the best means of protecting them.

To avoid the possibility of damaging a monument, and therefore carrying out unlawful works, you are strongly advised to consult us while in the early planning stages of any intended works.

Scheduling is our oldest form of heritage protection.

It began in 1913, although its roots go as far back as the 1882 Ancient Monuments Protection Act, when a 'Schedule' (hence the term ‘scheduling’) of almost exclusively prehistoric monuments deserving of state protection was first compiled.

There are almost 20,000 Scheduled Monuments on the List.

Scheduling is reserved for carefully selected sites, which create a representative sample of sites from different epochs.

The vast majority of archaeology is managed at local level through the planning system.

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