Dating callander

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Upon the third of September this year the computation of time has been changed from the Julian to the Gregorian calculation so that the third day of September is reckoned the fourteenth N. and all the dates thereafter in the register are according to the Gregorian or new style and all the former to the Julian or old style' (reference OPR 513/2, page 196).

A calendar is a system of organizing days for social, religious, commercial or administrative purposes.

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This resulted in an observation-based lunar calendar that shifts relative to the seasons of the solar year.Nevertheless, the Roman calendar contained very ancient remnants of a pre-Etruscan 10-month solar year.The first recorded calendars date to the Bronze Age, dependent on the development of writing in the Ancient Near East, the Egyptian and Sumerian calendars.A great number of Hellenic calendars developed in Classical Greece, and with the Hellenistic period also influenced calendars outside of the immediate sphere of Greek influence, giving rise to the various Hindu calendars as well as to the ancient Roman calendar.Calendars in antiquity were lunisolar, depending on the introduction of intercalary months to align the solar and the lunar years.The term calendar is taken from calendae, the term for the first day of the month in the Roman calendar, related to the verb calare "to call out", referring to the "calling" of the new moon when it was first seen.

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