The power of the Malays began to rise through the 15th century.
In the Malay Annals,the sultan Mansur Shah was mentioned as having six wives and the fifth was stated to be a daughter of the Ming Emperor.
However, Malacca continued to trade with merchants of all races and religions.
After the visit of the Chinese Muslim Admiral Cheng Ho in the mid-15th century, contact between China and Malacca intensified.
In exchange for protection against Siam, Malacca became a vassal state to Ming China.
To ensure Malacca's safety, a new and powerful kingdom was founded by the Sultan of Samudra-Pasai.
In 1641 the Dutch navy put a blockade on Malacca and they seized the city after six months.
The Portuguese turned the city into a massive walled fortress complete with a tower bristling with cannon.
As the Napoleonic Wars wound down the British knew Malacca would be returned to Dutch control.
In order to make the city indefensible the city walls were blown down.
By that time, Malacca had lost most of its former importance although it remained an important part of Asian trade routes.
The A Famosa gate is all that remains of the old Portuguese and Dutch forts.
Modern-day Malacca is a vibrant old city with a unique historical and cultural background from previous Portuguese, Dutch and British rule.