Of predating

Palaces of the early rulers, as well as temples and monasteries of the religious, were provided with water areas.Later on, these were used for temporary holding of fish and subsequently, they were used as environment for the culture of fish. However, during the period, and especially before the advent of printing, no records were available except the narratives handed down from one generation to another especially those found in the seat of power during those periods. This book consisted the earliest monograph of, fish culture. Lin a noted Chinese aquaculturist, considered the earliest beginnings of aquaculture as during the period 2000–1000 B. This indicated that aquaculture has a long history dating as far as 4000 years ago. as the period when Fan Lai (also spelled Li or Lee by some authors) wrote his book, “The Classic of Fish Culture”.This was suggested in the penal laws of the country (Kutara Menawa) which provided for the prohibition of stealing fish from ponds.In China, in 1639, the Complete Book of Agriculture which included pond fish culture was released.

In the year 1400 brackishwater aquaculture was recorded as having been started in Indonesia.

The Chinese people who were then at the time very much engrossed in fish culture as a source of food and livelihood, looked for other species of fish for pond culture.

This resulted in the discovery of the silver carp, the big-head carp, the grass carp and the mud carp, all very suitable pond culture species.

A book, A Manual of Fish Culture, was published by the United States Commis sion of Fish and Fisheries in 1897.

This dealt mainly on established hatcheries for the production of seeds to stock game waters but also includes some food species of finfish, oysters, clams, etc.

There were earlier attempts mainly from Europe to spread aquaculture in African countries.

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