However, no conclusive evidence, only some typological features, can be found to support Høyrup's view.A more widespread hypothesis posits a Proto-Euphratean language that preceded Sumerian in Southern Mesopotamia and exerted an areal influence on it, especially in the form of polysyllabic words that appear "un-Sumerian"–making them suspect of being loanwords–and are not traceable to any other known language.It succeeds the proto-literate period, which spans roughly the 35th to 30th centuries.Some versions of the chronology may omit the Late Sumerian phase and regard all texts written after 2000 BC as Post-Sumerian.SAL), possibly to be interpreted as "fine tongue" or "high-pitched voice" (Rubio (2007) p. Other terms for dialects or registers were eme-galam "high tongue", eme-si-sa "straight tongue", eme-te-na "oblique[? Eme-sal is used exclusively by female characters in some literary texts (that may be compared to the female languages or language varieties that exist or have existed in some cultures, such as among the Chukchis and the Island Caribs).In addition, it is dominant in certain genres of cult songs.
The two have different conjugations and many have different roots. The prefixes appear to conflate mood, aspect, and polarity; and their meanings are also affected by the tense-aspect complex.
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"native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer and a language isolate that was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq).
During the 3rd millennium BC, an intimate cultural symbiosis developed between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism.
The "proto-literate" period of Sumerian writing spans c. In this period, records are purely logographic, with no linguistic or phonological content.