In 1930 Foucault began his schooling, two years early, at the local Lycée Henry-IV.
Here he undertook two years of elementary education before entering the main lycée, where he stayed until 1936.
Family tradition prescribed naming him after his father, Dr.
Paul Foucault, but his mother insisted on the addition of "Michel"; referred to as "Paul" at school, he expressed a preference for "Michel" throughout his life.
These ideas influenced Foucault, who adopted Hyppolite's conviction that philosophy must develop through a study of history.
Attaining excellent results, in autumn 1946 Foucault was admitted to the elite École Normale Supérieure (ENS); to gain entry, he undertook exams and an oral interrogation by Georges Canguilhem and Pierre-Maxime Schuhl.
Though often cited as a post-structuralist and postmodernist, Foucault rejected these labels, preferring to present his thought as a critical history of modernity.
Foucault later published Discipline and Punish (1975) and The History of Sexuality (1976), in which he developed archaeological and genealogical methods which emphasized the role that power plays in society.I wasn't always smart, I was actually very stupid in school ...[T]here was a boy who was very attractive who was even stupider than I was.He remained largely unpopular, spending much time alone, reading voraciously.His fellow students noted his love of violence and the macabre; he decorated his bedroom with images of torture and war drawn during the Napoleonic Wars by Spanish artist Francisco Goya, and on one occasion chased a classmate with a dagger.Activist groups have also found his theories compelling.