These first three histories exemplified a historiographical technique Foucault was developing called "archaeology".
In 1940 Foucault's mother enrolled him in the Collège Saint-Stanislas, a strict Roman Catholic institution run by the Jesuits.
I wasn't always smart, I was actually very stupid in school ...
[T]here was a boy who was very attractive who was even stupider than I was.
Activist groups have also found his theories compelling.
Born in Poitiers, France, into an upper-middle-class family, Foucault was educated at the Lycée Henri-IV, at the École Normale Supérieure, where he developed an interest in philosophy and came under the influence of his tutors Jean Hyppolite and Louis Althusser, and at the University of Paris (Sorbonne), where he earned degrees in philosophy and psychology.
He also became active in a number of left-wing groups involved in campaigns against racism and human rights abuses and for penal reform.