The earliest documented colony in Guiana was an English settlement named Marshall's Creek along the Suriname River.Disputes arose between the Dutch and the English for control of this territory.The society was chartered to manage and defend the colony.The planters of the colony relied heavily on African slaves to cultivate, harvest and process the commodity crops of coffee, cocoa, sugar cane and cotton plantations along the rivers.The older English name is reflected in the English pronunciation, Indigenous settlement of Suriname dates back to 3,000 BC.
A century later, Dutch and English settlers established plantation colonies along the many rivers in the fertile Guiana plains.
These tribes include the Saramaka, Paramaka, Ndyuka or Aukan, Kwinti, Aluku or Boni, and Matawai.
The Maroons often raided plantations to recruit new members from the slaves and capture women, as well as to acquire weapons, food and supplies.
Already a cultural and economic hub in those days, they renamed it after the Duke of York: New York.
In 1683, the Society of Suriname was founded by the city of Amsterdam, the Van Aerssen van Sommelsdijck family, and the Dutch West India Company.
The official spelling of the country's English name was changed from "Surinam" to "Suriname" in January 1978, but "Surinam" can still be found in English.