The USPS has not directly received taxpayer-dollars since the early 1980s with the minor exception of subsidies for costs associated with the disabled and overseas voters.
Revenue in the 2000s has been dropping sharply due to declining mail volume, The USPS is legally obligated to serve all Americans, regardless of geography, at uniform price and quality.
An Act of Congress provided for the issuance of stamps on March 3, 1847, and the Postmaster General immediately let a contract to the New York City engraving firm of Rawdon, Wright, Hatch, and Edson. The 5 cent stamp paid for a letter weighing less than 1 oz (28 g) and travelling less than 300 miles, the 10 cent stamp for deliveries to locations greater than 300 miles, or twice the weight deliverable for the 5 cent stamp. The same year, the Pacific Mail Steamship Company had acquired the right to transport mail under contract from the United States Government from the Isthmus of Panama to California.
In 1855, William Henry Aspinwall completed the Panama Railway, the first transcontinental railroad, providing service from the east coast across the Isthmus to California in three weeks for the mails, passengers and goods, and remained an important route until the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869.
The Post Office Department was enlarged during the tenure of President Andrew Jackson.
As the Post Office expanded, difficulties were experienced due to a lack of employees and transportation.
The earliest known use of the Franklin 5c is July 7, 1847, while the earliest known use of the Washington 10c is July 2, 1847.
Remaining in postal circulation for only a few years, these issues were declared invalid for Postage on July 1, 1851. was offered for sale on July 1, 1847, in NYC, with Boston receiving stamps the following day and other cities thereafter. Mail Steamship Company acquired the contract to carry the U. mails from New York, with stops in New Orleans and Havana, to the Isthmus of Panama for delivery in California.
It is one of the few government agencies explicitly authorized by the United States Constitution.Railroad companies greatly expanded mail transport service after 1862, and the Railway Mail Service was inaugurated in 1869. in 1896, and the inauguration of parcel post service in 1913 greatly increased the volume of mail shipped nationwide, and motivated the development of more efficient postal transportation systems. Assistant Postmaster General, Otto Praeger, appointed Benjamin B.RMS employees sorted mail 'on the fly' during the journey, and became some of the most skilled workers in the postal service. On August 12, 1918, the Post Office Department took over air mail service from the U. Lipsner to head the civilian-operated Air Mail Service.Based on the Postal Clause in Article One of the United States Constitution, empowering Congress "To establish post offices and post roads", it became the Post Office Department (USPOD) in 1792.Until 1971, it was part of the Presidential cabinet and the Postmaster General was the last person in the United States presidential line of succession.The USPS has exclusive access to letter boxes marked "U. Mail" and personal letterboxes in the United States, but still competes against private package delivery services, such as UPS and Fed Ex.